Guadalupe is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Since its founding, Guadalupe has been known as a center of Yaqui culture and it is home to many religious festivals. The town motto, “where three cultures flourish,” recognizes the town’s roots in the Yaquis, Mexicans and descendants of the original farmers. Nestled between Phoenix and Tempe, the 2010 census listed the population of the town as 5,523. Guadalupe was founded around 1900 by Yaqui Indians, who fled their homeland in Sonora to avoid oppression by the Mexican government of Diaz. The cemetery of Guadalupe was established in 1904, in the original townsite of the town. The city of Tempe annexed the area surrounding the cemetery. The cemetery is now officially located in Tempe; however, it is still administered by the Guadalupe Clerk’s Office. Respectful visitors are welcome to observe these ceremonies, although photography is forbidden. Guadalupe is primarily a residential area; most residents commute to other parts of the Phoenix area to work.
Guadalupe is located at 33°22′0″N 111°57′45″W / 33.36667°N 111.96250°W / 33.36667; -111.96250 (33.366733, -111.962414).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,228 people, 1,110 households, and 961 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,813.9 people per square mile (2,621.5/km²). There were 1,184 housing units at an average density of 1,543.2 per square mile (593.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.34% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 44.19% Native American, 31.22% from other races, 17.46% White, 1.07% Black or African American 0.13% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, and 5.72% from two or more races.
There were 1,110 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 27.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 9.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.70 and the average family size was 4.88.
In the town, the population was spread out with 37.2% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,089, and the median income for a family was $30,931. Males had a median income of $21,234 versus $19,282 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,149. About 24.3% of families and 26.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.8% of those under age 18 and 42.4% of those age 65 or over.